Environment and Natural Resource Management
Development of agricultural technologies for sustainable management of the environment and natural resources in developing regions
Climate change and environmental degradation have been escalating on a global scale. This program copes with these issues by developing and demonstrating technologies jointly with research institutes and extension organizations in Asian and African countries as well as local farmers involved.
Regarding greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agricultural activities, the development of agricultural systems that reduce methane emissions and attain better carbon balance will be promoted through the introduction a water-saving irrigation scheme in paddy fields and through effective linkage of crop and livestock systems.
New technologies will be elaborated to reduce crop damage caused by extreme phenomena such as floods and erratic rainfall. In vulnerable regions where land degradation is accelerated and problem soils have expanded, technologies that sustain stable crop yield, in terms of crop improvement, cropping techniques, and soil and water management at a watershed scale, will be developed. The dissemination models will be proposed and demonstrated to apply these new technologies into target areas.
The development of breeding materials with enhanced biological nitrification inhibition (BNI) ability will be endeavored for more effective utilization of nitrogen fertilizer and to reduce nitrous oxide (N2O) gas emissions chiefly from cropping uplands and grasslands.
Domestic biogas digesters reduce greenhouse gas emissions and provide benefits to households
Estimation of cost and effect of food policy to mitigate rice price variation under climate change in Bangladesh
Calcination improves solubility of low-grade African phosphate rock and application of calcined products is highly effective on crop cultivation
Related JIRCAS Report
JIRCAS seminar titled “Shallow sub-surface drainage for mitigating salinization” held in the Republic of Uzbekistan
On November 29, 2017, a seminar on mitigating salinization was held by JIRCAS in Gulistan City, Syrdarya Region, Republic of Uzbekistan. The project has resulted in the publication of the technical manual titled “Shallow sub-surface drainage for mitigating salinization”. https://www.jircas.go.jp/en/publication/manual_guideline/mitigating_sali...
On 20 December 2017, officials from the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) conducted a special seminar at the JIRCAS International Conference Room, and exchanged views with JIRCAS executives and researchers regarding the implementation and related scientific activities of a joint research project being planned by JIRCAS and ICAR.
Event, Symposium, Workshop
Business Trip Reports
|Report No.||Date||Country||Purpose||Related Program|
|H29-0349||2017-11-2017-11||ベトナム||水稲作等における高収益低環境負荷技術の開発（試験開始）||Environment and Natural Resource Management|
|H29-0003||2017-04-2017-12||タイ, ラオス||1）東南アジア連絡拠点業務 、2）炭素蓄積圃場試験・家畜飼養調査、3）後背丘陵地から水田への養分供給の把握||Information Analysis, Environment and Natural Resource Management, Value-adding Technologies|
|H29-0322||2017-11-2017-11||ブルキナファソ||現地圃場試験における収量調査の実施、現地研究環境の整備、ならびに試験圃場の土壌試料採取||Environment and Natural Resource Management|