Optimization Process of Plant Growth Environment for Improving Content Compounds Using Physiological and Genetic Information in a Closed-type Plant Factory

Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly
ISSN 00213551
NII recode ID (NCID) AA0068709X
Full text
A closed-type plant factory (plant factory) can control growth environments in confined spaces with artificial lights and hydroponic systems. The growth environment of a plant factory can be modulated without having to consider the natural climate, so that high value plants rich in useful compounds or low in toxic compounds can be uniformly and consistently produced. However, the process of optimizing growth condition settings to increase or decrease the target compounds tends to be complicated, given the various control parameters in a plant factory. An efficient optimization process for producing high value plants was shown using physiological and genetic information in the case of Stevia rebaudiana (stevia). This case study was conducted to determine the optimal conditions for producing stevia rich in sweet steviol glycosides (SGs) compounds. All environmental condition settings were selected based on previous studies relating to the biosynthesis of such SGs as stevioside (Stev) or rebaudioside-A (Reb-A). A yield evaluation of Stev and Reb-A was conducted based on the transcription levels of SGs-related genes. The process of producing SGs-rich stevia provides an example of an efficient optimization process for producing high value plants with increased or decreased target compounds in a plant factory system.
Date of issued
Creator Yuki YONEDA
Subject control light environment high value plants stevia sweetening
Publisher Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
Received Date 2020-05-11
Accepted Date 2020-11-03
Volume 55
Issue 3
spage 201
epage 208
DOI https://doi.org/10.6090/jarq.55.201
Language eng

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